A) Secure Sockets Layer
B) Simple Search Language
C) System Storage Location
D) Server Status Log
A) Secure Sockets Layer
SSL stands for “Secure Sockets Layer.” It is a cryptographic protocol that provides secure communication over the internet. SSL is commonly used to secure data transmission between a user’s web browser and a web server, ensuring that the data exchanged between them remains private and cannot be easily intercepted by unauthorized parties.
SSL is now largely succeeded by its successor, Transport Layer Security (TLS), but the term “SSL” is still commonly used informally to refer to the security protocols that protect web communication.
The primary purposes of SSL/TLS in web security include:
- Data Encryption: SSL/TLS encrypts the data exchanged between a user’s browser and a web server. This means that even if someone intercepts the data as it travels over the internet, they won’t be able to decipher it without the appropriate encryption keys.
- Data Integrity: SSL/TLS also ensures the integrity of the data being transmitted. It uses cryptographic techniques to verify that the data has not been tampered with during transmission.
- Authentication: SSL/TLS provides a mechanism for authenticating the identity of the web server, helping users trust that they are indeed connecting to the intended website and not a malicious one trying to impersonate it. This is often indicated by the presence of a padlock icon in the browser’s address bar.
- Secure Transactions: SSL/TLS is essential for securing online transactions, such as e-commerce and online banking. When you see “https://” in a web address, it signifies that the connection is secured using SSL/TLS.
- Protection Against Eavesdropping: By encrypting data in transit, SSL/TLS prevents eavesdropping or “sniffing” attacks in which an attacker intercepts and reads sensitive information, like login credentials or personal data.
- SEO Benefits: Search engines like Google give a slight ranking boost to websites that use SSL/TLS, as it is considered a best practice for web security. This is often referred to as “HTTPS as a ranking signal.”
SSL/TLS certificates are issued by trusted Certificate Authorities (CAs), which validate the identity of the website owner before issuing the certificate. These certificates contain the public key required to establish a secure connection with the server.
In recent years, there has been a transition from older SSL and TLS versions (e.g., SSL 2.0, SSL 3.0, TLS 1.0, TLS 1.1) to more secure and up-to-date versions, such as TLS 1.2 and TLS 1.3, to enhance web security. It’s important for websites and web services to keep their SSL/TLS configurations up to date to protect users’ data and maintain their trust.