Pakistan is an agricultural country and four-fifth of its lives in village. A village is made up of its population lives in villages. A village is made up of mud houses, with narrow lanes and streets and with no system of drainage. There are heaps of rubbish and row of dung cakes. Some villages are big and some villages are comparatively small. These villages are cut off from the cities and have a different kind of light. It is very simple and monotonous throughout.
The villages are mostly populated by farmers. They spend a simple life and their desires are unique. They are contented with what they have and never dream of these luxuries and comforts and modern science has provided us with ample measure. They harvest in their farms which are situated in the morning where they work till evening ploughing, sowing or reaping according to the season. They grow cotton, wheat, corn, all vegetables and seasons fruits for us.
In Pakistan the villages’ folks are really the backbone of our country. Some villagers are shopkeepers. They provide the necessities of life to the villagers. Other work as cobblers potters, weavers, blacksmiths and carpenters to fulfill their needs.
The villagers have every strong body. They eat healthy and fresh food. The climate of the village is good and the villagers keep good health. They lead a peaceful life. The sound of motor- rickshaws, scooters and other vehicles do not disturb the peaceful atmosphere of the villages. There is no hurry and no worry as in the city life. They use pure milk and ghee. They breathe fresh air which promotes their health. The villagers, therefore, are happy and healthy.
The villagers are deeply religious. They go to mosque five times a day. The village mosque also serves as the Maktab. Where holy man teaches very young children to read the Holy Quran and a few primary books. The holy man enjoys great respect. His views and pieces of advice are given much important by the villagers. The village school head master is also an important person of the village. He is respected by everyone. He is the most learned person of the village. So, he is not only a teacher but a postmaster and letter writer also. Other important persons of the village are lambardar, patwari and choukidar.
The life of the villagers is very simple. Marriages and occasional fairs provide a welcome change in their life. At noon, when they stop work, they assemble under some shady tree and they play cards, smoke hukka, or simply talk and enjoy themselves. Kabbadi and wrestling matches are also arranged from time to time. In short, away from the turmoil of cities, the villagers lead peaceful and quiet life.
The villagers are generally very friendly, sincere and co-operative. They are socially knit together. They depend on each other for the supply of their wants. They help each other in time of need. They share in joys and sorrows of each other. But this does not mean they never quarrel. Quarrels, rivalries and conflicts are being common. The peaceful environment of the village is being disturbed. Outlaw and anti-socials have made life in the village unsafe.
The village life has also some other serious problems. The villagers are very poor. In spite of their hard work they are not able to earn enough to meet their daily needs. They are ill-clad and ill-fed. They have no medical facilities. Rural life must be reformed. More opportunities of incomes should be opened so that people do not try to run to cities. The government can do a lot to improve the condition of our villages
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