a) Scatter plot
b) Pie Chart
c) Line chart
d) Radar chart
b) Pie Chart
In Excel, the chart type commonly used to compare individual items to the whole and show the percentage each item represents is called a “Pie Chart.” Pie charts are ideal for visualizing the distribution of parts in relation to the whole, and they represent each part as a slice of the pie. The size of each slice is proportional to the percentage it represents.
To create a pie chart in Excel:
- Select the data you want to include in the chart, including the individual items and their respective values, as well as the total.
- Go to the “Insert” tab on the Excel Ribbon.
- Click on the “Pie Chart” option. You can choose from different pie chart variations, such as 2-D pie, 3-D pie, or exploded pie, depending on your preference.
- Excel will generate the pie chart based on your selected data, and you can further customize the chart as needed.
Pie charts are effective for visualizing data where you want to emphasize the proportion of each item in relation to the whole. They are especially useful when you want to highlight the percentage breakdown of a total into its constituent parts, making it easy to see the relative sizes of each component.