Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah was the Founder of Pakistan, was born on 25th December 1876 in Karachi. His mother, Mithibai, was a simple loving woman. His father, JinnahBhai Poonja, was a successful Businessman. You can also read: Essay on Allama Iqbal
Early Life and Education
Quaid-e-Azam passed his early education at Sindh Madrasah-tul-Islam in Karachi. He passed his Matriculation at the age of sixteen. After completing his schooling in Karachi, he went to London to study Law at Lincoln’s Inn in June 1893. In 1896, he became a barrister. He returned to India and joined the Bombay High Court.
Before joining the All India Muslim League in 1913, Mohammad Ali Jinnah was a member of the Indian National Congress and supported Hindu-Muslim unity. He became the Ambassador of Hindu-Muslim unity. However, he soon realized that Congress was working for the rights and interests of Hindus only. In 1916 he took over as the president of the All India Muslim League and was the main force behind the Lucknow Pact 1916.
The pact achieved its main aim, and for the first time Hindus accepted the idea of Muslims as a separate nation. The Muslim demand the simple electorate was accepted.
As time passed, it become cleared to Quaid-e-Azam that there were big differences between the Hindus and Muslims, and it was impossible to bridge the gap. So, in its annual session in Lahore on 21st_24th March 1940, the Muslim League passed a resolution which became known as the Pakistan Resolution. A demand was made for a separate state for Muslims where they would be free to lead their lives according to their wishes.
As a result of a tireless efforts of Quaid-e-Azam and his supporters, Pakistan came into being on 14th August 1947. Quaid-e-Azam became the first Governor General of this country.
Quaid-e-Azam showed great efficiency in his work. It was his determined and wise leadership which freed the Muslims from the double yoke of British rule and Hindu domination of his services to the Muslims of South Asia call him Quaid-e-Azam, “The Great Leader”.
He devoted his time to reconstruct the country. But his failing health did not give him enough time to lead the nation to a prosperous future.
He died from tuberculosis on 11th September 1948. He was buried in the heart of the city in Karachi. His tomb is a worth seeing place. Thousands of people go there daily to offer Fatiha.
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